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The Federal Democratic Republic of Nepal is one of the world’s poorest and least developed countries. One third of its 30,000,000 inhabitants live in poverty.  With few natural resources, this small land-locked country manages to sustain itself.  Its economy is supported by tourism, farming and the labors of many who toil beyond its borders to send money to families back home. Nepal’s development is challenged by its technological  backwardness, government instability and labor unrest.  In addition, the country is susceptible to natural disasters such as avalanches, floods, landslides and droughts.

Nepal’s geography is defined by three horizontal regions.  The Northern Himalayan Mountain Region is home to eight of the fourteen mountains that exceed 8000 meters, including Mount Everest.  In a country where only 16% of the land is arable, the Central Hill Region supports most of Nepal’s farming.  The Southern Terai Region is a subtropical zone that is prone to heavy monsoons and droughts.

Nepal is comprised of seventy five districts.   A Central District Officer, appointed by the central government, is head of the district.  The district is further partitioned into smaller sub-divisions headed by community elected Village District Committee Representatives.